Anime and manga

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Contents

Introduction

Although anime is simply an abbreviation of "animated," the word has come to define animated material originating in Japan. In the 1980s, anime became a popular form of media in Japan, and in the 1990s, the anime market gained popularity United States with series like Sailor Moon and Dragonball. In the 2000s, anime has become an international success to the point where western shows, such as Avatar: The Last Airbender and Totally Spies, imitate the anime style.

Terminology

A variety of Japanese words have been adopted and adapted by the English-speaking fanbase. Possibly because of the availability of subbed rather than dubbed anime and un- or fan-translated manga, fans have a greater understanding of the Japanese culture and language.

  • Anime - Animatation from Japan
  • Manga - Japanese comic books
  • Doujinshi - Japanese fan-made comic books
  • Bishonen - attractive boys
  • Shoujo ai - a female/female relationship that is not as explicit as yuri
  • Shounen ai - a male/male relationship that is not as explicit as yaoi
  • Yaoi - a slash relationship
  • Yuri - a female/female relationship

Demographics

Gender composition

Based on the demographic data for Anipike and AnimeNewsNetwork, anime fandom, as of December 2007, is pretty gender balanced.

Gender composition in fan fiction

MediaMiner.Org is one of the larger anime multi-fandom focused fan fiction archives. As a representative of all anime fandom, anime fan fiction communities have a larger female population.

Yaoi

Yaoi is a popular genre of anime and anime fan fiction. Based on a keyword search for yaoi in December 2007, the representation of male versus female web surfers is pretty close to the internet norm for gender representation on-line.

Conventions and fan gatherings

This section needs more information. http://www.fanhistory.com/wiki/Conventions

Cosplay

Cosplay (コスプレ, kosupure?), short for "costume play",[1] is a Japanese subculture centered on dressing as characters from manga, anime, tokusatsu, and video games, and, less commonly, Japanese live action television shows, fantasy movies, Japanese pop music bands, Visual Kei, fantasy music stories (such as stories by the band Sound Horizon), and novels. However, in some circles, "cosplay" has been expanded to mean simply wearing a costume.

In Japan, "cosplay" as a hobby is usually an end unto itself. Like-minded people gather to see others' costumes, show off their own elaborate handmade creations, take lots of pictures, and possibly participate in best costume contests.

The most specific anecdote about the origin of the word "cosplay" was that Nov Takahashi (from a Japanese studio called Studio Hard) coined the term "cosplay" as a contraction of the English-language words "costume play" while she was attending the 1984 Los Angeles Science Fiction Worldcon. He was so impressed by the hall and masquerade costuming there that he reported about it frequently in Japanese science fiction magazines. This point is debatable, however, as the word fits in with a common Japanese method of abbreviation: combining the first two syllables of one word with the first two syllables of a second word (or, more precisely, the first two moras of each). Other examples of this include Pokémon (ポケモン, Pokémon? short for ポケットモンスター, or "Pocket Monsters") and puroresu (プロレス, puroresu? short for プロレスリング, or "professional wrestling").

Fan fiction

Anime fan fiction first appeared on local networks, Usenet and mailing list. By 2005, the fan fiction community was located mostly LiveJournal and FanFiction.Net with large communities on smaller sites like MediaMiner.Org and AdultFanFiction.Net. [1] Most fandoms also developed fandom specific fan fiction archives but the popularity of these archives began to wane by 2005. [2]

Fansubs

Fansubs were originally distributed using VHS technology. As technology became more advanced, fansubs were distributed using various digital technologies. [3] The move towards digital fansubbing really started around 2001. [4] [citation needed]

In late December 2008, the site announced it was removing its illegal fansubs in order to host license fansubs. [5]

Internet History

Blogging

Anime blogging has been characterized as follows by COLONY DROP:

The common approach to anime blogging is to feature terrible “reviews” of the latest fansubbed garbage, three dozen pictures of some loser’s recently acquired girl figure or pages of embedded YouTube links. This sucks. It’s uninteresting and creates a dialog just barely above your average web-forum idiot-banter. Yet with few notable exceptions, most anime blogs follow this awful trend and fandom is all the worse for it. [6]

Blogging for some specific fandoms such as Naruto are worse than others because of that problem because that content is frequently hosted on blogspot where it is then scraped by robots who then render that content even more unreadable and making it harder to find legitimate content through services like Google's blogsearch.

Bulletin Boards

This section needs more information.

Fansites

Fansites for anime and manga are made up of streaming, forums, and downloads, though the community prefers streaming and manga reading sites, forums are more common, and they are usually hosted by invisionfree forums. [citation needed]

AnimeNewsNetwork

AnimeNewsNetwork is a popular site for anime news. It is not really used by hard core anime fans as most of them get their news through other services and know what is going to happen before it is reported on AnimeNewsNetwork. [7]

AnimeOnDVD

As of 2008, AnimeOnDVD is the big site for fans who want industry news and to have serious discussions about anime. [8]

Anipike

Anipike was an early influential anime fansite for those seeking information on and links to anime communities. It was loosely broken down by broad general categories and by fandom. Its influence began to wane by 2000. [9]

Fandom specific sites

Fandom specific sites are at the heart of the anime fansite community. [10]

Mailing lists

This section needs more information.

Message boards

This section needs more information.

Usenet

This section needs more information.

Wikis

There are a number of wikis that serve the anime and manga fandom. Some cover many topics, touching only on comics in certain parts and some are specialized. They focus on only comics or only certain parts of the anime and manga fandoms. While they might not look like traditional fan communities, wikis frequently became a gathering spot for comic fans to create resources to enable their fanac and help fill a need to for some to obsess over little details. Like in other fandom communities, the use of wikis really began to take off after the popularization of Wikipedia, as wikiscripts became more available and as hosts began to cater to this need.

Kerfluffles

This section needs more information.

Legal issues

Christopher Handley was sentenced in Iowa on February 11, 2010 for the possession of “obscene visual representations of the sexual abuse of children.” [11] He had been ordered the manga from Japan and some of it included artistic depictions of children engaged in sex acts and bestiality. [12] The manga did not contain actual photographs of children. [13][14] The list of manga included:

Fandom size

This section needs more information.

See also Anime last.fm group.

Fanzines

This section needs more information.

External links

Meta discussion

See also

Sources

See also Anime bibliography.


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