Buffy: The Vampire Slayer
From Fan History Wiki
The Buffy the Vampire Slayer fandom is web based, content rich fandom. The numbers are staggering and the fandom has consistently added new sites since it came into existence.
- Amy Acker (A)
- Amber Benson
- Marc Blucas
- David Boreanaz (B/A)
- Nicholas Brendon
- Charisma Carpenter (B/A)
- Emma Caulfield
- Alexis Denisof (B/A)
- Sarah Michelle Gellar (guest starred on Angel)
- Seth Green (guest starred on Angel)
- Andy Hallett (A)
- Alyson Hannigan (guest starred on Angel)
- Anthony Stewart Head
- Mercedes McNab (B/A)
- James Marsters (B/A)
- Glenn Quinn (A)
- J. August Richards (A)
- Michelle Trachtenberg
This section needs more information.
Canon release dates
- On March 10, 1997, Buffy: The Vampire Slayer premiered on television in the USA. 
- On August 16, 1997, Buffy: The Vampire Slayer premiered on television in Norway . 
- On August 23, 1997, Buffy: The Vampire Slayer premiered on television in Denmark . 
- On December 3, 1997, Buffy: The Vampire Slayer premiered on television in Australia . 
- On January 3, 1998, Buffy: The Vampire Slayer premiered on television in UK . 
- On February 2, 1998, Buffy: The Vampire Slayer premiered on television in New Zealand . 
- On March 4, 1998, Buffy: The Vampire Slayer premiered on television in Argentina . 
- On April 3, 1998, Buffy: The Vampire Slayer premiered on television in France . 
- On April 5, 1998, Buffy: The Vampire Slayer premiered on television in the Netherlands . 
- On September 5, 1998, Buffy: The Vampire Slayer premiered on television in Romania . 
- On September 6, 1998, Buffy: The Vampire Slayer premiered on television in Slovenia . 
- On September 24, 1998, Buffy: The Vampire Slayer premiered on television in Ireland . 
- On October 9, 1998, Buffy: The Vampire Slayer premiered on television in Germany . 
- On January 10, 1999, Buffy: The Vampire Slayer premiered on television in Portugal . 
- On February 28, 1999, Buffy: The Vampire Slayer premiered on television in Finland . 
- On November 1, 1999, Buffy: The Vampire Slayer premiered on television in Hungary . 
- On February 13, 2000, Buffy: The Vampire Slayer premiered on television in Sweden . 
- On June 10, 2000, Buffy: The Vampire Slayer premiered on television in Italy . 
- On January 14, 2003, Buffy: The Vampire Slayer premiered on television in Japan . 
- On September 14, 2005, Buffy: The Vampire Slayer premiered on television in Bulgaria . 
Other release dates
- On July 31, 1992, the Buffy: The Vampire Slayer movie premiered in Canada . 
- On July 31, 1992, the Buffy: The Vampire Slayer movie premiered in United States. 
- On September 17, 1992, the Buffy: The Vampire Slayer movie premiered in Australia . 
- On October 23, 1992, the Buffy: The Vampire Slayer movie premiered in United Kingdom. 
- In 1993, the Buffy: The Vampire Slayer movie premiered in Finland on video. 
- On February 8, 1993, the Buffy: The Vampire Slayer movie premiered in Japan . 
- On March 22, 1993, the Buffy: The Vampire Slayer movie premiered in Germany on video. 
- On February 4, 2001, the Buffy: The Vampire Slayer movie premiered in Sweden on television. 
- On August 27, 2003, the Buffy the Vampire Slayer: Chaos Bleeds video game was released in United States. 
- On October 24, 2003, the Buffy the Vampire Slayer: Chaos Bleeds video game was released in United Kingdom. 
- In 2004, Buffy the Vampire Slayer: The Animated Series premiered on television in the United States. 
- On February 13, 2009, the Buffy the Vampire Slayer: Sacrifice video game was released in United Kingdom. 
- On February 16, 2009, the Buffy the Vampire Slayer: Sacrifice video game was released in United States. 
- In 2004, the Buffy the Vampire Slayer: The Quest for Oz video game was released in the United States. 
- On June 24, 2003, the Buffy the Vampire Slayer: Wrath of the Darkhul King video game was release in United States. 
- On June 27, 2003, the Buffy the Vampire Slayer: Wrath of the Darkhul King video game was release in United Kingdom. 
See Buffy: The Vampire Slayer episode release dates for a list of episode release dates.
Below is a partial list of terms used in the Buffy: The Vampire Slayer fan community.
- BTVS: a common abbreviation for Buffy the Vampire Slayer.
- Whedonverse: a term to decribe all Joss Whedon's work.
- Jossed: a fan fiction term
- Buffy spoiler vegan: is a Buffy: The Vampire Slayer fan who wishes to not read any spoiler information for episodes they have not watched. This term predates 1998.
Below is a partial timeline of events that took place in this fan community.
For a list of fan fiction events in this fandom, see Buffy: The Vampire Slayer fan fiction#Timeline.
- Buffy: The Vampire Slayer was in its first run on television.
- On October 10, 1997, the Pink Rabbit Consortium  was founded. This site was home to some of the best f/f on the Internet for a variety of fandoms including Alien, All My Children, Babylon 5, Buffy: The Vampire Slayer, ER, Law & Order, NYPD Blue, Star Trek: Voyager and Xena.
- In November, alt.tv.buffy-v-slayer.creative was created.
- By this time, the term beta reading was being used in the Buffy fan fiction community.
- Betsy Vera created a page called BEDLAM: About Writing – Beta Reading. Betsy’s page is notable for several reasons. Early on, in the late 1990s, this page was important in terms of defining how to beta read as the page contained examples of various beta reading jobs, giving different perspectives on how people actually went about the process. The story being critiqued and used as an example was from the Buffy: The Vampire Slayer community but the site was referenced in such communities as the Star Wars, Star Trek, Gilmore Girls and X-Men fan fiction communities.
- On August 19, 1999, the Slayer's Fanfic Archive received a cease and desist notice from Twentieth Century Fox Film Corporation.
- Buffy the Vampire Slayer fan fiction community reached a critical mass. There were several possible dates. One suggested date was after the airing of the episode, Hush. After this episode aired, a lot of "teenies" entered the community.
- BuffyBringers was founded.
- Angel spinoff premiered. (YourLibrarian, )
- In March or April of 1999, Te's "Post-Grad" and "Post-Grad II" were published on-line. According to z_rayne on LiveJournal, these were most likely the first Spike/Xander ever published. ()
- Around July 1999, Fortune Amethyst Macaire plagiarized several Forever Knight stories and turned them into Buffy: The Vampire Slayer stories. Included in the authors plagiarized by Fortune Amethyst Macaire were Nightlady, Sue Clark, Texasbrat, Mistress V, Caroline LaRoche, April Ruskin, Shelia Turner, Carrie Krumtum, Lilywhite Lilith, Tyra and Debra Ann. 
- Better Buffy Fics list was founded.
- Willtara, a mailing list, was founded on January 30, 2000. It was created for the discussion of and posting of fan fiction realted to the Saffic pairing of Willow/Tara.
- In December, Warner Brothers sent Claire Fields a cease and desist letter in regards to a Harry Potter related domain name she owned. In response to this, PotterWar was created by Alastair Alexander. Another fan group, Defense Against the Dark Arts, partnered with PotterWar to help them in their effort. There was cross fandom interaction at one point when both groups had some assistance from the BuffyBringers group. (MaryTheFan: )
- Sometime around June of 2000, the site Bad Fanfic! No Biscuit! was created by Siubhan and Joan the English Chick. The site, last updated in January of 2001, introduced or helped further the concept of badfic into a number of additional fan fiction communities, including this one. Unlike some badfic websites or sites which just pointed out badfic, as in of accidental inferior quality, the site had deliberate badfic and explanations as to what was not right with the story, what made the story bad.
- Cassandra Claire was still writing her epic story and actively publishing it. By this time, she had posted it to two mailing lists and FanFiction.Net. On December 18, 2000, Cassandra Claire posted chapter 9, part 1 of Draco Sinister on ParadigmOfUncertainty. It had the following disclaimer and author notes:
- A/N There's a fair bit of telepathic communication in this story,
- which is indicated in italics. If you can, read it in Files, where
- the italics show up. Otherwise, I apologize if it's at all confusing. 
This disclaimer is a bit important as Heidi and Cassandra Claire would later both claim that Cassandra Claire's disclaimers were both okay and properly done, citing the material correctly. This is the disclaimer for the chapter that eventually led to Cassandra Claire's black listing from FanFiction.Net for plagiarism.
- ! is a symbol that frequently appears between a character name and a description of the character. Example: Leather!Draco. It probably entered fandom from unix users.  The use of the symbol dates back to 1996/1997 in the X-Files fan fiction community,  , Star Wars: The Phantom Menace in 1999,  Buffy: The Vampire Slayer in 2000/2001, 
- The show began running in syndication in 2001 on the cable network FX. (YourLibrarian, )
- On March 21, 2001, the Darker Side of Sunnydale was founded.
- On March 22, 2001, the mailing list milliways-L was created for the posting of science fiction related fan fiction and discussion. Fandoms represented included this one. 
- On May 2, 2001, BuffyandDawn was created for Buffy/Dawn fan fiction and discussion. 
- On September 7, 2001, Ignis Verbis, a fan fiction archive, was founded.
- Around July 2002, Cryst98014 discovered that her X-Files story, "Ribbed: For Her Pleasure" was plagiarized by a Buffy: The Vampire Slayer author named Denna. Another Buffy: The Vampire Slayer or a sockpuppet of Deanna named Buffybot also plagiarized "all paths lead to you" by AgentXsley. Apparently the author responded on an X-Files mailing list saying that she was just doing it for laughs and in tribute to her favorite author, Judith Viorst. 
- On August 23, 2002, The Bloody Awful Sandlot, a fan fiction archive, was founded.
- In March, alt.tv.buffy-v-slayer.creative discussed the legalities of ActorFic.
- XanderZone, a mailing list, was founded on March 17, 2003. It was created for the discussion and posting of Xander related fan fiction. Slash fic was and is not tolerated on the list.
- In late October 2003, alt.tv.buffy-v-slayer.creative debated what constituted plagiarism. People sought to define it and to answer the question of if you can plagiarized ideas found in fan fiction. People who participated in this discussion included Paul Gadzikowski, Jane Davitt, Peter Meilinger, Darth Spacey, Sam James, and Knights Errant. 
- On November 23, 2003, Duck's Fan Fiction Archive, a Buffy: The Vampire Slayer fan fiction archive, recieved a cease and desist letter.  There was some controversy regarding this as the show's creator had been an avid supporter of fan related activity in his fandoms.
- By this time, a number of X-Files fan fiction writers who were part of the “Yes Virginia” group of fan fiction authors had migrated to other fandoms. Some examples of this migration included Harry Potter with the author Parsons, Lord of the Rings with the author Sebasky, West Wing with the authors Sabine, Punk, and CazQ, Stargate with Suelac and Minnow, Farscape with the authors SueLac, Fialka, Sab and Pene, Sports Night with the authors Sabine and Punk, Smallville with the author Punk, and Buffy/Angel with the authors August/Unwinding, Minnow and Sebasky. As they migrated, they took their traditions of machete beta reading with them.
- Angel canceled. Cancellation was controversial. (YourLibrarian, )
- On January 23, 2006, it was discovered that Cuddly_kitten2135 plagiarised Always_jbj, Amanda K., AngelsLame, Burnzitt, Christine B. Smith, Dennydc, Elizabeth Anne/ElizaDeath, Elysian, Enigmaticblue, Fer1213, Jennifer Crusie, Jeremy M. Usher, KellyHK, Kur, Lona T, mommanerd, Myfeetshowit, Nautibitz, Patty Anne, raven39_25, Redwolfoz, Sanguinary, Speaker2customrs, Spikesfool, sueworld2003, Wissixwe and others. This plagiarism occurred in the Buffy: The Vampire Slayer community.   
- On January 4, 2007, signups were announced for the Valentine's Day ficathon for all pairings and ratings for Buffy: The Vampire Slayer on the LiveJournal community holiday_btvs. 
- On June 24, 2007, malnpudl made the following observation regarding slash to het to gen representation in this fandom:
- In June 2008, the third Buffy: The Vampire Slayer academic conference will be held at Henderson State University in Arkansas. 
This section needs more information.
DeadJournal was never very important to this fandom. For a while, during the mid 2000s, there was a small active fan community on this site. Below is a timeline of relevant events that took place on DeadJournal.
- On November 11, 2004, the DeadJournal community btvs-lightsout was created for dark, angsty Buffy: The Vampire Slayer fan fiction. 
- On January 29, 2003, the LiveJournal community badficsanon was created.  Fandoms represented included this one.
- On May 21, 2003, the LiveJournal community allcrossovers was created.  Posted to the community was fan fiction several fandoms including this one.
- On July 23, 2003, the LiveJournal community beta_search was founded.  It was created so people could find beta readers. Fan fiction communities represented by this community included this one.
- On September 22, 2003, the LiveJournal community allfandomfics was founded.  It would host fan fiction from this fandom along with additional fandoms.
- On November 11, 2004, the LiveJournal community 3_ships was founded.  It is a threesome secret santa community. Fandoms represented by this community included this one.
- On January 1, 2007, the LiveJournal community 7musicalmusesv2 was created, and it hoped to include BtVS among its fandoms.
- alien_altars was created on March 18, 2007 as a challenge community for femslash cliches. Some cliches include About to die, must have hot sex, Aliens made us do it, Amnesia, Aphrodisiacs/Sex pollen, Caught masturbating, Everyone thinks we're doing it, Forced marriage, Forced to share a bed/sleeping bag/tent, Fuzzy morning after or "do you remember what we did last night?", Genderswitch (one or both women is turned into a man), Huddling for warmth, Insomnia, Jealousy, Kid fic are just a few of the examples to chose from. Fandoms represented include CSI. 
There are a few incest pairings in this fandom. 
Fanworks policy and history
Fans Go Interactive, and Popular Culture Feels the Tremors by Ann Powers in an article from the Washington Post Section H, E-Commerce dated September 20, 2000 says that Joss Whedon once actively supported fan sites but after being satisified by Fox's explanations of their actions in regards to fan sites. 
Fans Go Interactive, and Popular Culture Feels the Tremors By Ann Powers from the New York Times does mention Fox tactics in dealing with Buffy: The Vampire Slayer fans. The article says:
- Fox has been particularly active in sending cease-and-desist letters to Buffy sites, perhaps because their Webmasters are so avid. Fans have not taken the legal threats lightly. Solo84 has organized a group known as the Buffy Bringers that has mounted peaceful protests, mostly online and through letter-writing campaigns.
- Solo84 insists that fan sites comply with the legal guidelines for fair use of material and contends that Fox is overzealous. Such sentiments are common across the Internet. Even many fans trading music through Napster see their activity as a form of sharing and say they doubt that it harms the artists they admire.
- Joss Whedon, the creator of Buffy, once avidly supported fan sites, but he has retreated on the subject, having been satisfied by Fox's explanations of its actions, Mr. Melnick said
- You've developed quite an Internet-based following for Buffy. What do you think of that? Do you read fan comments, and do they influence your thinking about the show? Or do you ignore most of it?
- Whedon: I think it's really neat. I haven't had as much time as I used to to check in and see what people are talking about. [But] sure, I'll read the posting board. I'm always interested to see what people are responding to, and what they're not. To an extent it does [affect me]. For example, when I saw that people were rejecting the Oz character when he was first introduced, I realized how carefully I had to place him. I wrote scenes where Willow falls in love with him in a way where fans would fall in love with him too. You learn that people don't take things at face value; you have to earn them. It was clear that David was a popular figure fairly early on.
- Do you share William Shatner's opinion of the most ardent fans that they need to get a life?
- Whedon: I have never had any particular life of my own, so I don't see any particular reason why anyone should run out to get one. Of course, if they're dressing up like Willow and staying in their basement for nine months at a time, that's not good. But the show's designed to foster slavish devotion; it has it from me, and I entirely respect it in others.
- How do you feel about the cultural impact of Buffy? The comics, merchandise, fan fiction, etc?
- Whedon: Again, the show was designed to be the kind of show that people would build myths on, read comics about, that would keep growing. So naturally, I'm wicked pleased that it's entering people's consciousness. I obviously can't read [fan fiction], but the fact is there seems to be a great deal of it, and that's terrific. I wished I'd had that outlet as a youngster, or had the time to do it now.
- "There are other Buffy projects. I really can't go into them just yet. The universe seems to be expanding. I always wanted to create a universe, not just a show. It expanded when the first person wrote the first piece of fan fiction. People take the mythology to heart." 
- Keen to explore the relationship between TV writers and their fan fiction counterparts, The Washington Post chatted with Buffy and Angel script writers Marti Noxon and Mere Smith last week.
- Noxon is full of praise for the amateur writers. "We're in a weird position with fan fiction," she says. "It's flattering because, something you're creating - a universe you're a part of - has inspired people to go off and continue imagining," she says.
- The writers do, however, have to exercise a little caution. A TV story that covers similar ground to a fan could result in accusations of plagiarism. "Because of legal stuff, we have to be really judicious about how much we read," notes Noxon.
- Mere Smith started out as a fan writer before landing a full time job on the Buffy staff. A regular poster to the official Bronze board, Smith made some useful contacts whilst at one of the famous Posting Board parties and after a brief stint on another show, ended up scripting Angel.
- "It's just so odd because I've been in both places," she says. "I've been in the office at 7 in the morning on the board in New York... And I've done the part where I stand over [executive producer Joss Whedon's] shoulder as he reads the board. It's very strange." 
This section needs more information.
This section needs more information.
For a directory of fans, see Category:Buffy: The Vampire Slayer fans.
- Annie Sewell-Jennings
- Barb C
- Cousin Jean: She is well known for having asked fans to pay for her to take a year off so she could write fan fiction.
- Gabriele Schulz
- Gail Christison
- Karen Jephson
- Kate Bolin: She is well known for being an active femslasher and her archiving activities.
- Laure Alexander
- Mr. Monkeybottoms
- Rabid 1st
- Ripe Wicked Plum
- Sandra Pascoe
- Buffy: The Vampire Slayer fan fiction community size
- Buffy: The Vampire Slayer InsaneJournal community size
- Buffy: The Vampire Slayer LiveJournal community size
- Buffy last.fm group.
- Buffy Fiction Archive
- Better Buffy Fiction Archive
- Twisting the Hellmouth
- The Spuffy Realm
- Elysian Fields
- Just Rewards
- I Need A Parrot
- Buffy: The Vampire Slayer fanzines
- Buffy: The Vampire Slayer fan fiction
- Buffy: The Vampire Slayer fanzines
- List of Angel and Buffy: The Vampire Slayer historical events
Below is a partial list of articles and academic sources to help you continue to learn about this community.
- Loyd Case "The Death of Fandom". ExtremeTech. August 2007. FindArticles.com. 03 Dec. 2007. http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_zdext/is_200708/ai_n19427213
- Gray, J., Sandvoss, C., & Harrington, C. L. (2007). Fandom identities and communities in a mediated world. New York: New York University Press.
- Harmon, A. (1997, August 18). In TV's dull summer days, plots take wing on the Net.. New York Times, p. A1.
- Kem, Jessica F. Cataloging the Whedonverse: Potential Roles for Librarians in Online Fan Fiction. Diss. Univ. of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 2005. 10 June 2006 <http://hdl.handle.net/1901/137>.
- Schulz, N. (2001, April 29). The E-Files; Mad for Mulder? Got a Jones for Buffy? Juiced by 'JAG'? In the Fanfiction Realm, You Can Make the Plot Quicken.. Washington Post, p. G01.